Doctors explain how a high-salt and a high-protein diet harm your kidneys

Apart from the known fact that the kidney removes extra waste and fluid from the body there are a number of other functions that these organs perform together. “Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by the cells of your body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals—such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium—in your blood,” says National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Kidney controls blood pressure, regulates the formation of red blood cells and keeps the bones strong.

Kidneys are made of nephrons, glomerulus and tubule. The glomerulus filters the blood, the tubule keeps the required essential substances and removes the wastes from the body.

Blood flows into the kidney through the renal artery.

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