What is a monsoon? What to know about this rainy season.

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It may seem as if weather is becoming more extreme with each year. Every summer there are record high temperatures sweeping the nations, extreme droughts and severe thunderstorms.

This carries over to the fall and winter with dangerous hurricanes and snow storms that at their worse leave people injured and dead. 

While extreme weather is on the rise and poses a serious risk to people’s safety, there are also many weather phenomena that happen every year like monsoons.

But what are monsoons and where do they happen? We have the answers.

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What is a monsoon?

The word monsoon comes from the Arabic word “mawsim” which means season, according to Live Science. Unlike singular large rain storms, monsoons are a seasonal wind shift over a region that can bring about heavy rain or a dry spell. 

Associated with the Indian Ocean, monsoons blow from cold to warm regions with summer and winter monsoons impacting the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia, according to National Geographic.

Summer monsoons tend to be wet and occur from April through September. These monsoons bring warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean to India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Summer monsoons typically bring torrential downfalls and a humid climate to these regions. 

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